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Pain Medications

Sports injuries or strains because of overuse are the main causes of muscle pain. Here we will look into how to recognize and get muscle pain medications. Pain and Tenderness are the symptoms arising due to injured muscles and could be felt when you’re resting or moving. When a muscle gets injured, inflammation leads to pain as well as swelling. Anyone can feel tenderness when the muscle is touched or moved. The muscles might pain even though you are relaxing or resting, or just when you use your injured muscle.

Muscle pain could only be mild that it hardly is a concern for you– or it might be too severe that you will find it too difficult to use that muscle at all.

Suffering due to muscle pain may be distressing and it may limit the ability to move around freely. Almost anyone can experience aching muscles in the course of time, which leads to doing daily things such as climbing stairs, getting out of bed, and lifting anything painful.

Muscle pain is mostly results due to the result of a minor injury or overuse, perhaps due to a trip or fall, a tough game of tennis, or by stress or tension, which might make the muscles painful or stiff. Overdoing it may lead to muscle pain.

Muscle pain, generally affecting some muscles or a small portion of the body, is usually caused by minor injury or overuse, for example, a sprain or strain resulting due to overdoing it on the morning run. Falls or trips might cause sprains or strains causing muscle pain.

Stress / Muscle Pain:

Another frequent reason for muscle pain is stress. This is due to the tension you feel, then the body produces hormones making the muscles tense up and thereby increase the sensitivity towards pain. Because of this your back may hurt even more after a stressful day at work.

Colds lead to aches and pains:

Aches or Pains occurring in the muscles throughout the body can be due to an infection like the common cold.

Muscle pain usually becomes better within some days. You can use pain medications and sometimes anti-inflammatory drugs from the pharmacist for easing the pain, either ingested orally or can be applied directly over the skin on the muscle. When muscle pain becomes too severe and difficult to bear, a pain specialist might be able to give you help. The medic may advise you to do specific body exercises to rehabilitate the muscle. Your medical expert might also order a few imaging tests like MRI, an X-ray, or CT scan, as well as few blood tests, to rule out the underlying cause.

Types of pain medications:

Pain Medications are available in relieving your pain caused by sore or aching joints or muscles, headaches, and mild osteoarthritis. There are various different kinds of pain relief medication to choose from, and a few kinds of pain usually respond better to specific treatments than the others. Hence, it is necessary to make the exact choice to treat the pain in an effective manner. Each has its own pros and cons, but there are medical experts who help in choosing the best effective kind of pain medications. Few pain medications are:

  • Tramadol
  • Hydrocodone
  • Fioricet
  • Soma

The first place to take advice is pharmacist. They are medical experts in all kinds of pain killer medication and will help you to in finding the best treatment for the pain. If the pain is too severe, then the doctor must be able to help to identify the reason behind the pain and know the suitable treatments.

While many pain medications usually contain medicines that help in reducing the pain as well as inflammation, there are few non-medicated products containing no active ingredients. These generally act by cooling or heating the affected area in order to soothe your pain as well as reduce swelling.

NSAIDs  

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs known as NSAIDS are available in oral as well as topical form. Both the OTCs as well as prescription based drugs depend on the type and strength of the medication. NSAID help in reducing the fever/swelling/inflammation and thereby relieves you from pain. Common pain medications in the NSAIDs family involve:

  • Diclofenac
  • Ibuprofen
  • Aspirin

Non-medicated pain treatments:

Apart from pain medications, there are few non-medicated pain treatments as well which offer you pain relief. Most of them work through cooling or heating on the affected area or the joint. Pain medications give the relief through heat acts by increasing the flow of the blood to the area where you actually feel pain, like on the back if you are suffering from backache. It helps in relaxing your muscles in that affected area.

Cold acts by affecting the large nerve fibers, and temporarily numbs the pain sensations which are transmitted to small nerve fibers. Cold helps in reduce the swelling by contracting blood vessels. 

We all get scared or worried in response to specific incidences or situations in our day to day lives. Anxiety refers to a state which involves extreme fear, panic, or worries the majority of the day on a clinical level. Trivial situations and even the anticipation of the situations which has not occurred will trigger such feelings in anyone having a clinical anxiety disorder.

Chronic Anxiety has various causes. Few major causes:

  • Genetics: anyone having a family history of anxiety are more prone to experience anxiety
  • Chemical disorders occurring in the brain
  • Environment factors such as abuse, rejections, harassment, violence, and death of a loved one
  • Low self-esteem
  • Some mental health issues like depression, bipolar disorder
  • Drug withdrawal or abuse 

What are the six types of anxiety disorders?

The 6 main kinds of anxiety disorders are:

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD): is a long-term disorder making an individual anxious in mundane life. People suffering from GAD get anxious mostly and hardly remember when they last were feeling better or relaxed. They constantly feel restless and worried and find it difficult to concentrate on the work.

Panic attack: It characterized as sudden and intense fear liked chest pain, restlessness, sweating, and a pounding heartbeat often mimicking the heart attack.  People having panic disorder suffer from panic attacks or anxiety which are intense or extreme periods of fear or restlessness which affect linked to sweating, trembling, dizziness, extreme nausea, pounding heartbeat, being unable to breathe or sensations of choking, pain, or chest tightness. 

Social phobia or social anxiety:  Overwhelming feeling of worry and the self-consciousness regarding daily social situations plague individuals having social anxiety. The typical variant is known as selective mutism, which is typically seen in children who are confident in front of the family but might not speak at all in other places or schools. Although many individuals might feel anxious regarding social anxiety, speaking in any public place includes irrational or extreme fear and anxiousness of facing the people.

Separation anxiety: It occurs when your loved one leaves. It is usually seen in small kids who get scared or anxious when his parent goes for work. It might even affect some adults who worry regarding something bad might occur to their closed persons when they are not around. People who have separation anxiety fear of staying alone. They find it tough to sleep when they are far away from the home or from their loved ones.

Trauma- and stressor-related disorders: They are associated with the feeling of some trauma or any tragedy (e.g., unexpected death of someone you love a lot, a road accident, or a violent incident like sexual abuse or war) or stressor (e.g. starting college, planning a divorce, moving). Post-traumatic stress disorder is the most common kind of trauma and stressor-associated disorder.

Phobias: Phobias are defined as excessive fears regarding a specific object or situation. The anxiety or fear is usually disproportional in comparison to the actual threat involved in it. Some common phobias involve:

  • claustrophobia – defined as the fear of enclosed places
  • agoraphobia – defined as the intense fear of being in crowded or open places, 
  • acrophobia – it is fear of heights

Dealing with anxiety:

There are many anxiety relief medication options for chronic anxiety or disorders, these include:

Anxiety Relief Medications: 

  • SSRIs such as buspirone (Buspar / Vanspar) are helpful in the treatment of anxiety
  • Benzodiazepines like lorazepam (Xanax/ Valium/ Librium/ Ativan) or diazepam are the drugs for treating short term anxiety. They involve a rapid onset of action
  • Beta-blockers like Atenolol can particularly work in chronic anxiety by lowering palpitations.

Talk therapy:

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): It is defined as the short-term treatment that is designed for helping the patients in identifying the negative thinking known as thinking traps in situations that cause chronic anxiety. It may be performed as a one-on-one therapy as well as a group therapy session with those experiencing similar problems. It mainly focuses on your ongoing problems in daily life. It, therefore, helps to develop many new ways of processing the thoughts, feelings, or behaviors for developing more better ways to cope with their life 

Prolonged Exposure Therapy (PE): It is defined as the CBT which aids the patients to overcome some extreme distress which they experience when they are reminded of previous traumas or while confronting the fears. It is usually helpful in treating the PTSD and phobia 

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT): It includes teaching the patients as to how to develop skills for regulating the stress-management, emotions, healthy interpersonal relationships, and mindfulness

Family therapy: It is kind of a group therapy involving the patient’s family in helping them to improve the communication and further develop better skills to overcome panic attacks or anxiety.

  • Stress management 
  • Yoga
  • Alternative therapy like therapeutic massages or acupuncture 
  • Meditation 

A nightmare is defined as a disturbing dream linked to some negative feelings, like fear or anxiety which might awaken you. Nightmares are very common in small kids, but it can be experienced at any age in your life, and occasional nightmares usually are nothing to worry about.

Nightmares typically start at the age of 3 and 6 years in children and then gradually decrease after the age of ten. In teenagers and young generation, females get nightmares very often in comparison to males. Few people may experience nightmares in their adulthood or in their entire life.

Although they are too common, nightmare disorder is actually very rare. Nightmare disorder is characterized to be there when it occurs very often. It can lead to distress, disrupt sleep, and create problems in daily activities or create fear while going to sleep.

Symptoms linked to nightmare disorder:

The person having this disorder would get it more likely in the second half of the night. They might occur very rare or it could also be too frequently, even many times in the night. Their episodes are usually very brief, but it may awaken the person. 

  • The nightmare might include the following features:
  • A person’s dream could either be vivid and real or can be too upsetting, and when the dream unfolds could turn out to be disturbing
  • A person’s dream storyline is related to threats to survival or to safety, but it might also involve other themes which may be disturbing
  • A person’s dream could awaken you
  • A person becomes disgusted, sad, scared, anxious, or angry as an outcome of the dream
  • A person would feel sweaty or could experience a pounding heartbeat remaining in bed
  • A person might think very clearly to awaken 
  • A person dream leads to anxiety or distress which keeps you worried and anxious and fear develops to go back to sleep 

Nightmares become a disorder when a person undergoes:

    • Frequently occurs
    • Major distress in the day, like chronic anxiety / persistent fear
    • Fatigue / Low energy
    • Problems with concentration or issues in memory
    • Sleepiness during daytime
    • fear of the dark
    • Problems in doing activities in work or at school or in a few social situations
  • Behavior problems associated with bedtime 

Medication for Insomnia:

Occasional nightmares are never a cause for any concern. If your kid is experiencing nightmares, you can just consult a health care expert. However, consult the GP if nightmares:

  • Occur very frequently and remains for long-duration Routinely disrupt sleep
  • Creates a fear to go to bed for sleep
  • Cause a daytime behavior problem or also difficulty functioning

Causes:

Nightmare disorder is defined by the doctors as a parasomnia — a kind of sleep disorder which includes undesirable experiences occurring while you are falling asleep, during sleep or when you are waking up. A nightmare typically occurs during the stage of sleep called rapid eye movement. The actual cause behind the nightmares is not yet known.

Nightmares could be triggered by several factors, involving:

  • Stress or anxiety: Occasionally the ordinary stresses of the routine life, like a problem at school or home, generally trigger nightmares. Major alterations, like a move or death of a, loved someone close, may have the same effect. Experiencing chronic anxiety is linked to a greater danger of nightmares.
  • Trauma: Nightmares are too common to occur after an injury, accident, sexual abuse or physical, or another traumatic event. Nightmares are very common in people who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
  • Sleep deprivation: change in person’s schedule creating irregular sleep/wake times or that which interferes or reduces the number of sleep causes an increase in the risk of having nightmares. Insomnia is actually associated with the increased danger of having nightmares.
  • Medications: Some drug including blood pressure medications, antidepressants, beta-blockers, and tablets is used for treating Parkinson’s disease or to aid in stopping smoking — could trigger nightmares.
  • Substance abuse: Recreational drug or alcohol usage or withdrawal reactions can cause nightmares.
  • Other disorders: Depression as well as other mental disorders may be associated with nightmares. Nightmares can develop along with a few health conditions, like cancer or heart disease. Having other sleep disorders that interfere with proper sleep could be associated with nightmares.
  • Scary books and movies: For a few people, reading horror books especially before bed can be associated with nightmares.

Risk factors

Nightmares are too common when any family member had a history of nightmares or some other sleep parasomnias, like talking while sleeping.

Complications

Nightmare disorder can lead to:

  • Excessive sleepiness during daytime might lead to problems at school or work or problems with routine tasks like concentrating and driving.
  • Problems with mood (depression or anxiety from dreams) if continues to bother you
  • Suicide attempts or Suicidal thoughts 

Drugs to Treat Insomnia

In a few cases, medical experts will prescribe medicines for treating insomnia. All medications for insomnia must be taken shortly before going to sleep. Never attempt to drive any vehicle or perform any other activities requiring focus after ingesting medications for insomnia because it will make you sleepy and can increase your risk for accidents. Medications should be consumed in combination with appropriate sleep practices. 

Benzodiazepines: 

These older sleeping tablets — triazolam (Halcion), Ambien, Temazepam (Restoril), and others — might be helpful when you want insomnia medication which stays in the system for a longer time. For instance, they have been effectively useful for treating insomnia problems like night terrors or sleepwalking. These insomnia medications have few serious downsides. It could lead to cause dependence and addiction. Dependence refers to physical withdrawal when they are stopped, which you get in the case of benzos.